Well, it's surprising. One one side, Pakistani Students clinch top positions in Cambridge Int. Examinations and make world records every year. One the other side, however , it's a country with barely a 40% literacy rate. Another Surprise! After graduating from colleges and universities, Pakistani Talented Students don't try any thing new. WHY? To understand this, we have to the History of every student. > Firstly, Pakistani Educational System spent huge amount on Education. Many students get laptops, scholarships, living cost and even solar powered electric devices. However, the Curriculum is not good. Instead of moving with the time & technology, the students excel at past concepts. United Nations stated that Pakistan is 60 years back in education system, when compared with the 21st century > Secondly, in some areas, the girls aren't allowed to study claiming it is what Islam says! Islam, however, emphasizes the importance of Education. > Thirdly, every student is victim of Fear! That's why everyone tries to somehow enter the Best Medical or Engineering; only a few ones get selected. Although the selected ones are thought as Intelligent and Talented, they actually even don't know what they want to do in life. All this results in the waste of talent! Only a few students are able to take Right Path and the results of those few are Really Shocking! Some get perfect SATs, some make A Levels/O Levels records, some get into top Universities of world etc. It is just like 90% traffic is on one road and some of those (10%) explore and take some other road to drive freely! Like every year : https://tribune.com.pk/story/1160600/cambridge-results-record-setting-year-pakistanis ( Resource) It is not the fault of any student, however. Every parent wants their child to be Doctor or if not Doctor,Engineer, without realizing not everyone is made to do these professions. In school, the students read the books that actually are written some 5-10 years back. The university admission criteria aren't very good. After you get into university, the opportunities aren't provided, except for the top colleges. Many people don't send their children school and make them part of Child Labor. That's why Pakistan needs to change its Educational System which ensures that every one gets a good equality education, and a system can provide a variety of Interests/Programs in a modern curriculum. At last, it doesn't mean Pakistan is an average country. It is still one of the powerful and advanced countries of world. It's just you can't progress if you look the people behind you.