Africa, the world’s second largest and second most populous continent in the
world, facing the threat of poverty. African nations are at the botton of list with
the least economic activity despite being rich in natural resources. In 2009, the 22
ot of 24 nations identified by United Nations as having low human development
were in Africa. In the UN list of least developed countries, 34 out of 50 nations are
The Central African Republic is the world’s poorest country which is a landlocked
country in Africa. Being given the titles of the unhealthiest country and worst
country to be young in, the annual income per capita is as low as 581 dollars.
Despite being rich in mineral deposits and other antural resources such as
uranium, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber and hydropower still the
central African Republic rank lasts in the ranking of global wealth by country. Why
is a huge amount of cars manufactured in Germany,but not even one in Central
African Republic? Why is everyone ready to invest in Malaysia and Singapore but
not in Africa? Why is the literacy rate of Central African Republic, 36.8%, is very
low as compared to Germany and Russia? Why is average life expectancy too low
in Central African Republic? On whole, why are poor countries poor and rich
countries rich? These questions must be answered now and not only answered
but dealt with.
The main reasons for poverty in Africa includes:
To remove poverty, powerful institutions and equal distribution of resources.
However the measures taken in Africa to fight against poverty are not
implemented because the funds ends up in the hands of corrupt politicians.
2. POOR LAND UTILIZATION:
In Africa people own large lands. Due to being uneducated, either they don’t use
lands for growing crops or they just grow as much as can be used for themselves.
Hence only a very less amount of crops reaches market .
3. POOR INFRASTRUCTURE:
Only a very few major cities are joined by metalled roads. In rainy seasons , most
of the roads are not reachable. Railway lines are also limites, hence the
transportation of goods is very limited.
4. CIVIL WARS AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY:
The civil wars scares away the investment which can create employment
opportunities and help foster economic development.
5. WORLD BANK AND IMF POLICIES:
The loans taken by these comes with strict conditions which requires the
governments to change rules such as the condition to reduce total government
spending effects the social, educational and infrastructure development.
A few solutions to poverty in Africa includes:
1. EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES:
Unemployment and underemployment lies at the core of poverty. When people
have jobs, they have income and ultimately with income they can pull out
themselves of poverty. People should be encouraged to invest.
2. EDUCATING GIRLS:
A woman’s degree of education is linked to the age at which she marries and has
children, to her health and diseases, to her economic opportunities, to her social
standing, and to her general future well being.
It is defined as the supply of loans and other financial services to the poor. Small
loans can help people become self-sufficient. Mocrofinance is a promising way to
4. TRANSPARENCY IN GOVERNMENT SPENDING:
Creating transparency in government spending can reduce corruption. The
leaders will be accountable to all the citizens. The citizens can make sure if the
funds are being utilized for the country or going in the politician’s pockets.
Adequate nutrition especially in infants is an important factor to lessen poverty.
Those who are malnourished in early ages have a higher threat of lifelong physical
and mental disability due to which they are not able to contribute to the social
and economic development of their household.