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Climate change can be defined as a shift in temperature over an extended period of time. Despite it being a natural process, the Earth’s temperature is currently changing at an environmentally hazardous level. According to the EPA, “Global warming can have many different causes, but it is most commonly associated with human interference, specifically the release of excessive amounts of greenhouse gases” (MIT article citing the EPA, 2006). In addition, 97% of Climate Scientists agree that climate change is induced by human activity (NASA). Such activities include industrial work, smoking, driving, and burning fossil fuels. As the atmosphere sees an increase in these by-products of human activity, a greater amount of heat is retained. Such heat has incited an increase of roughly 0.8C since 1880 (NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies). Although 0.8C may appear to be an insignificant rise in temperature, it is a drastic increase for a multitude of species and populations.

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